Los Angeles County
1946 to 1962
The Los Angeles Air Pollution
Control Board is established to fight the worsening smog. Commercial airlines
move their operations from Lockheed Air Terminal in Burbank to Los
Angeles Airport. Located in Downey, Los Angeles County opens its first
publicly-funded animal shelter.
The Cleveland Rams professional
football team begins playing in Los Angeles. About 1,500 war veterans camp out in
MacArthur Park to protest the housing shortage in Los Angeles. The Los Angeles State and
County Arboretum opens. The "Hollywood Ten," seven writers, two directors, and
one producer, are charged with contempt of Congress for their refusal to state whether
they are Communists. The Los Angeles County Air Pollution Control District is established.
The Hollywood Freeway (101) opens. One of the most infamous crimes in Los Angeles history
occurs, the "Black Dahlia" murder. Mobster "Bugsy" Siegel is gunned
down. Plans are revealed for the world's first "four-level grade
separation" near downtown Los Angeles, connecting the 101
(Hollywood) and 110 (Harbor and Pasadena) freeways. Los Angeles County
begins using telephone area code 213.
The Los Angeles City government
fires 17 city workers when they refuse to sign loyalty pledges.
The Pacific Electric Railway
Company asks the Public Utilities Commission for permission to replace its famous
"Red Cars" with buses on 11 of its 17 lines. Ed Roybal becomes the first Mexican
American to be elected to the Los Angeles City Council since 1881. The Los
Angeles Airport is officially renamed Los Angeles International
Louis H. Boyer begins the largest private land development in the nation with a plan for
the 17,000-home community of Lakewood. Los Angeles area Congressman (and future President)
Richard Nixon wins a U.S. Senate seat in a campaign against Congresswoman Helen Gahagin
Backyard incinerators are banned
in an attempt to reduce smog. Seven Mexican-American youths are arrested and beaten by Los
Angeles police officers in an incident that becomes known as "Bloody
Christmas." Eight officers are later indicted and 36 others are disciplined. The
Metropolitan Transit Authority is established. The Los Angeles Rams win their first NFL
championship in Los Angeles.
A major earthquake jolts Los
Angeles. At least five people are killed. Professor Arie J. Haagen-Smit of the California
Institute of Technology first explains conclusively the origins of smog. The Los Angeles
City Housing Authority comes under investigation by the California State Un-American
Activities Committee. Local congressman Richard Nixon is elected Vice President. U.S. Air
Force Plant 52 is established in Palmdale.
The El Pueblo de los Angeles State
Monument is dedicated. The Pacific Electric Railway cedes control of its
bus and red car lines to Metropolitan Coach Lines. The "Four Level"
interchange near downtown Los Angeles is completed. The Sepulveda Boulevard
underpass running beneath the LAX runways is opened. It is the first tunnel of
Los Angeles is hit by its worst
ever smog attack, causing air traffic to be diverted from LAX to Burbank and preventing
ships from entering the harbor. The J. Paul Getty Museum opens. Simon Rodia completes the
African-Americans begin serving
in the Los Angeles police and fire departments. The Walt Disney Company opens Disneyland
Los Angeles City lifts its
ordinance limiting building heights to 150 feet. California State University at Northridge
The Brooklyn Dodgers move to Los
Angeles. Northern Los Angeles County begins using telephone area code 805. The
Whittier Narrows Dam is completed.
78,672 people pack the
Los Angeles Coliseum to see the new Los Angeles Dodgers play the San Francisco
Dodgers win 6-5 (April 18). The remnants of the former Pacific Electric Railway
(including the Red Cars) are placed under the control of the newly created
Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority. KTLA Channel 5 introduces the first TV
news helicopter in the nation in Los Angeles. It is
known as the "Telecopter."
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
visits Los Angeles. Local real estate agents attempt to sell him a home. The Los Angeles
Dodgers win their first World Series pennant. The first jet service from Los
Angeles International Airport (LAX) begins (between Los Angeles
and New York). The Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena opens.
The Democratic National
Convention is held in Los Angeles. John F. Kennedy is nominated as the Democratic
candidate for President The Lakers professional basketball team moves from Minneapolis to
The Great Bel Air-Brentwood Fire destroys
484 homes in the worst brush fire in Los Angeles history. The Theme Building is built at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).
The L.A. City Council later designates it in 1992 as a cultural and
historical monument. The last
of the old Red Car trolley lines, the Los Angeles to Long Beach line,
The Los Angeles Examiner
joins the Herald to become the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner. Dodger Stadium
is opened in Chavez Ravine.