Profile of Legalized Population Under Immigration Reform & Control Act of 1986

  • 74% were from Mexico
  • 21% were from Central America
  • 2% were from other West Hemisphere nations
  • 4% were from Eastern Hemisphere nations
  • 95% were in the US for economic reasons
  • 65% were in the US for family reasons
  • 32% were in the US for political reasons
  • 4% were in the US for other reasons
  • 83% were in the labor market
  • 43% were covered under a health plan
  • 52% had no health plan coverage
  • Mean Family Income: $18,938 ($30,853 for all U.S. residents)
  • Median Family Income: $16,349
  • 42% worked in manufacturing sector
  • 21% worked in sales sector
  • 24% worked in services sector
  • 6% worked in construction sector
  • 15% worked in white collar jobs
  • 9% had at least some college education
  • 43% had 7 to 12 years of secondary education
  • 13% spoke English well
  • Median age upon arrival in US: 32
  • Median year of first arrival in US: 1978
  • 38% arrived in US prior to 1977

Source: U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services