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Past Military Installations in Los Angeles County

Installation Location Service Branch Year Closed
Long Beach Naval Station Long Beach U.S. Navy 1997
Long Beach Naval Hospital Long Beach U.S. Navy 1993
Fort MacArthur San Pedro U.S. Army 1982*
Drum Barracks Wilmington U.S. Army 1871
Fort Moore Los Angeles U.S. Army 1848

*Ceased to be a U.S. Army installation in 1982 and is currently a U.S. Air Force installation.

 

Fort Moore was established in 1847 to garrison U.S. troops for the defense of the newly-captured town of Los Angeles. It was named for Capt. Benjamin Moore, a casualty in the 1846 Battle of San Pasqual against Mexican militia. The fort was abandoned after only a year. The site is currently part of the LA Unified School District headquarters. A commemorative wall along Hill Street just north of the 101 Freeway marks the fort’s location.

Drum Barracks was a Civil War era post in which 7,000 Union troops were garrisoned. The post was established in 1862 to provide a large presence of Federal troops in Southern California, then a hotbed of Confederate-sympathizers. The installation was named for Richard Drum, Assistant Adjutant General of the Department of California.

Fort MacArthur, established in the late 19th century, was so named in 1914 after Spanish-American War commander Lt. General Arthur MacArthur, father of WWII General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. Through both world wars, the fort served as a post for coastal artillery batteries protecting Los Angeles Harbor and as a training and staging area for U.S. Army troops bound for war zones. Later, Fort MacArthur hosted a major Army reserve training unit and the headquarters for the 47th Artillery Brigade commanding NIKE antiaircraft missile batteries deployed around Southern California. The dissolution of U.S. Army NIKE missile sites in 1974 led to a reduced Army presence at the Fort, eventually resulting in the transfer of the installation to the U.S. Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center in 1979. The installation now provides government housing for Air Force personnel from Los Angeles Air Force Base and their families.

After an trying out camels for several years at Fort Tejon in Kern County, the U.S. Army gave up their experiment. The Army turned over 31 of the beasts to a Captain Hancock in Los Angeles in 1861 after which there is no further record. Thus ended the U.S. Army Camel Corps.

 

 

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